When facing the task of project management implementation within your organisation, you first should consider the approach you wish to take and the development methodology you want to employ. The two most popular of these development methodologies is the Waterfall Approach and the Agile Approach.
Change Management within the Waterfall Approach is seen as the more traditional of the two. This approach focuses on the management of the people-side of change. It involves the application of processes and tools that aid the organisation as well as the people within it, to transition from the old state to the new state. If this transition is successful, then the objectives of the change, as well as the return on investment, are ultimately achieved.
Change Management, within the Waterfall Approach, is known for the following characteristics:
- Consisting of linear phases and requiring preliminary planning
- Typically used for types and sizes of projects
- Sequential, i.e. following a pattern
- Emphasising milestones to determine if a project is moving forward
The above is a simplified version of the process of Change Management, and it is important to recognize that any larger change within the organisation will involve complexity and initial resistance. There are various milestones that a project undergoing Change Management will meet, and these include:
- The Business Need
- A Concept and Design
- The implementation Stage
- The Post Implementation Stage
As mentioned, it is typical for the Waterfall Approach to follow a linear sequence, and this is seen in the milestones that Change Management is met with. There are four key stages to the linear sequence of the milestones:
In contrast, the Agile Approach is slightly different. Instead of it following a linear sequence, the project is viewed as one continuous improvement, and is iterative in its nature. It is also:
- Originally centered around software development
- Emphasises adaptation along the project lifecycle
The Agile Approach highlights the need for rapid delivery of an application in components referred to as “sprints”. It also emphasizes the need for customer involvement throughout the whole project, especially during reviewing stage.
While many organisations are beginning to adopt the Agile Approach over the Waterfall Approach, there are others that prefer to adopt a combination. However, while the method of development is important, the organisation must ultimately adopt the approach best suited to their working environment and ensure that they reach the end goal – keeping the customer satisfied. To find out more, contact our project management consultants today.