For a project to be successful, there are several things that need to be implemented, including planning, executing, managing the budget and managing the team. The responsibility to ensure these phases happen successfully falls to the Project Manager. However, in the case of Change Management Initiatives, the Change Manager’s and Project Manager’s roles are often taken on by the same person. These roles are quite different and in order to understand the difference between them, it is important to establish a clear understanding of what Project Management is.
What is Project Management?
Project Management can be understood as the application of knowledge, skills and processes to achieve the objectives of a project. The goal is to ensure that every team member involved in the project is aware of the purpose and objectives of the project. The Project Manger will manage the project from the beginning to the end and will provide it with structure throughout.
The phases of Project Management are:
The Project Roles and Responsibilities?
In Project Teams, there are five key roles that need to be filled. Each role needs to be understood by the member undertaking it in order for the project to be a success. These key roles are:
- Project Manager
- Team Leader
- Team Members
- The Project Steering Committee
While each of the above members play an essential role in the successful completion of the project, the roles of the Project Manager are the most important, as without this level of supervision the project will fall apart. There are some consistent responsibilities that every Project Manager will have to take on:
- Defining the preliminary objectives of the project and the ideas around this, with input from involved stakeholders.
- Comparing the preliminary objectives with the project constraints to determine whether they can be successfully achieved.
- Communicating with all members involved in the project from beginning to completion, both internal and external members. This includes managing, motivating and supporting these members.
- Monitoring the risk factors in the project and creating pre-emptive solutions to these risks.
- Keeping track of the progress of the project, including time, cost and quality. This also involves continuously checking the project against the original plans, to ensure that the objective of the project will be achieved.
Effective Project Management is essential for the successful competition of a project. This will largely depend on the capability of the Project Manager, so when choosing the person for this role you should do so with careful consideration.